BEV is made up of the words “Battery Electric Vehicle” and refers to cars that use specially formulated batteries as their exclusive form of energy, and the energy that comes from them is channeled into an electric motor, which in turn gives the required traffic to the car.
At the beginning of the car history, the electric car was as popular as its competitor using an internal combustion engine, though the opening of major motorways in the early twentieth century and the possibility long distances exceeded the capabilities of the batteries. Today the electric cars are back in spotlight as an environmentally friendly choice but are faced with the same challenge as they once were due to their limited autonomy.
Let’s see it with the time machine
1834 : Thomas Davenport originally used the charged batteries.
1889 :Thomas Edison built an electric vehicle using alkaline batteries.
1890 : William Morrison manufactures an electric car in Des Moines that can travel 13 hours at a speed of 14 mph 1899, the Camille Jenatzys car makes the first 66-mile record per hour in an aerodynamic car that had 2 12 volt motors.
1900 : The first distance record is made by BGS’s car driving continuously for 180 miles with a single charge.
1903 : The first fine for speeding is given to an electric car driver. At the same time, Krieger manufactures the first hybrid car with a power steering that was pioneering for his era.
1930 : America Last stop. The technological advancement of electric cars around the world is led to a sudden death due to the weight of the global financial crisis of 1929 that economically dismantled the world’s most powerful economies, and since then all plans for electric cars froze.
From then on, only the gasoline or internal combustion engine prevailed, and the electric vehicle companies disappeared because of the great debts and problems of that time. On the contrary, oil companies and banks have grown enormously and have become the monsters that we all know today.
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BEV Car Advantages
- Compared to cars using an internal combustion engine the electric car is much cleaner than the exhaust does not require any combustion to be able to produce the energy and thus no exhaust gas will be produced.
- It is quieter than internal combustion engines.
- Electric vehicles have lower costs in the long run as they are not affected by the soaring gasoline price but also because of the lower service and maintenance costs.
- BEVs achieve an almost constant torque from idle to the maximum operating speed.
BEV Car disadvantages
- Anxiety about the autonomy, the psychological cost of using the electric car, and the emotional load the driver gets on whether he can cover a route without running out of the car’s batteries.
- Local government, the state mechanism and the electricity provider of each country should provide the appropriate infrastructure to enable electric car owners to charge their car either at home or in the middle of a journey.
- BEVs have a long recharge time usually between 30 minutes and 7 hours and due to the high cost of batteries their selling price is also high but something that is expected to change in the future as the cost of batteries will gradually fall and new cheaper materials will be discovered on building a more energy efficient and environmentally friendly battery.