The EV domination is not expected to happen until 15 to 20 years at least, but is that really the case? 2020 was described as the year when sales of electric vehicles rose rapidly, but this was not the case at the same time in all markets in the world.
China, Europe and the United States currently have the largest increase in pure electric cars, but that does not mean that they also represent global sales in absolute numbers. In Europe, for example, not all countries have the same percentages in sales of electric vehicles.
Norway is leading the way in the spread of EVs since electric plug-in new vehicles have exceeded 70% and even sales of new pure electric vehicles have exceeded a staggering 50%. However, this is in stark contrast to some Balkan countries where the penetration of clean cars is minimal.
In Greece, for example, a total of 81,000 vehicles were sold in 2020, but only 670 of them were pure electric. This is happening in many other regions around the world such as Latin America, Africa and even in many parts of Asia. On the other hand, However, China seems particularly strong in promoting clean vehicles, since thanks to subsidies it wants to end with internal combustion vehicles so that large cities can obtain cleaner air.
The subsidies, of course, apply in other countries where, for the time being, the electric car is more expensive to produce and cannot compete on the same terms with a conventional vehicle with a thermal motor. Also in commercial vehicles it is a difficult process to apply electrification and especially to trucks since there is not yet the appropriate technology where it can ensure the operational capacity of trucks.
And it all has to do with batteries since even today the current battery technology does not allow the ability for great autonomy which is necessary for a professional vehicle like the truck. On the other hand, on buses, electrification is being adopted more and more quickly since the routes they have to do for urban use are not huge and the batteries can contribute very good work. If we take into account minimal pollution, electric buses seem to be the golden point for city travel.
We believe that everything will depend first on the battery technology that will be developed in the coming years but also on the evolution of electric motors and software where it now plays an important role in a modern electric vehicle.
The complete transition to electric cars will be painful since problems such as charging time will have to be overcome where for the time being it is the most important inhibitor in the market for an electric vehicle. But in just a few years we have seen huge progress, where there are currently new electric vehicles where with a charge of just 5 minutes they gain autonomy of more than 100 km.