Electrification changes the technology in auto industry, and comparison between ICE and EVs is inevitable. The biggest difference between the two types of cars is the battery that makes the electric car heavier and creates charging needs, which last from several minutes of the hour on a fast charger up to hours on a simple charger, as opposed to the simple “fulling” of the conventional car at the gas station that lasts a few seconds.
Structurally electric (EVs) cars do not have huge differences from conventional ones. Electric vehicles use the same design as conventional ones, and many companies support EV on platforms already used by conventional versions. Of course there are also models that have developed platforms exclusively for electrification. If we should mention a design difference, this is mainly found in futuristic and more aerodynamic design. The latter plays an important role in increasing the autonomy of an EV. As for the trend in recent years for drivers to choose SUVs, automakers have put in production a number of electric SUVs in order to stay in the game which should be “played” on equal terms.
Another differentiation between EVs and conventional ones are the large spaces offered by electric vehicles, as the bulky internal combustion engine is absent. The heavy battery weighing over 300 kg has been placed on the floor of the car. This has the effect of giving more space to the passenger cabin, but also keeping the centre weight of the car low.
The quiet rolling of an electric car increases the effort to reach the designers for greater sound insulation who have at their disposal more flexibility in terms of materials and weight, in order to reach the desired result compared to a conventional version where the extra kilo plays an important role in pollutant emissions.
In the connectivity part, both electric and conventional cars lack anything. This is at a high level and is an element that young drivers are mainly looking for. In EVs this need is more pronounced, as the driver through it will have to manage the charging process, refer to finding charging stations and other vital functions of his vehicle.
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Maintenance on the electric car, on the other hand, is minimal. The electric motor does not need maintenance and does not have hundreds of accessories (pumps, spark plugs, spray, turbo, etc.) and consumables (oils, clutches). Therefore, maintenance is much cheaper. The increased weight of EVs on the other hand creates some individual problems in the suspensions, thus greater and faster wear, as well as increased tire wear.
Another difference between the two types of cars is the rolling quality. This is immediately perceived, as the feel of the wheel is different. Performance is higher and driving is a simple game where the driver doesn’t have much to think about. In a conventional car the driver constantly changes gears, while in the electric all he has to do is press the throttle. Even braking in many cases is done on its own, where through this energy, there is energy recovery filling the batteries.
Although the weight varies markedly, however driving is easy on electrics. The driver can move quickly and seamlessly. Perhaps the only thing that has not yet reached an absolute satisfactory level is charging, as the necessary charging stations have not yet been created to move an electric car everywhere in many countries.
Infrastructure that must soon be completed if we want electrification to gain a significant lead. Along with the price, these two elements are the main drawback. At least for now, as it looks like there will soon be a balance between conventional and electric cars in terms of price and charging points will soon increase in every corner around the world.
source : ΑΠΕ-ΜΠΕ