Millions of people will have beneficial effects to their health from EVs transition, according to research by the American Lung Association of the USA.
The report says that if all new passenger cars to be sold in the U.S. by 2035 are electric and all new heavy-duty vehicles are electric by 2040, reducing pollution from exhausts of cars with internal combustion engines and power plants will prevent up to 110,000 premature deaths by 2050, while at the same time, 2.78 million asthma attacks and 13.4 million lost working days will be avoided.
In total, the benefits for public health, according to the report, will amount to 1.2 trillion. dollars.
Phasing out the combustion of fossil fuels from the transport and energy sectors would reduce key pollutants, such as soot, nitrogen oxides that form smog, volatile organic compounds and sulphur dioxide derived from exhaust tailpipes and plant chimneys.
More than 4 in 10 Americans live in a place with unhealthy levels of air pollution, according to the American Lung Association, with that pollution having been linked to cancers, heart attacks, strokes and lung diseases. In addition, it can lead to impaired lung growth in children, which can then affect them throughout their lives.
According to the research, Americans of color are disproportionately burdened by air pollution, since they are three times more likely to breathe air with more air pollution than white Americans.
Finally, the transition to electric vehicles would have significant benefits for all communities located near motorways, power plants, ports, warehouses and refineries.